KNOWLEDGE MAP Back to overview

Circular Economy

Circular finance


In December 2014, the working group FinanCE was founded by Dutch pension service provider PGGM and joined by twelve other financial organisations – banks, investors and knowledge institutes. The first objective of the working group was to understand the way money and finance will change in a circular economy. PGGM also works with Circle Economy in developing a tool to assess the circularity performance of an investment portfolio (Circle Portfolio).

Working Group Finance, 2016, p126.

ING (BMA) & Rabobank (Bundles)

See for two case studies by Dutch banks ING and Rabobank the relevant reference on the right.

Further reading

Read more about frontrunners in the circular economy.